Here is a review article on the impact of physical environment on child development. It doesn’t look at forms of violence and abuse, but it does look at environmental toxins, noise, chaos in the home, housing and neighbourhood quality, and so on. The study is a bit dated, but it does serve as a good summary of early research.
The main lesson from this reading is simple. Environment is important, many of our environments are toxic, and as a consequence, many of us deal with psychological, emotional, and even physical delays and pathologies. Maximizing human health and potential for connection requires much better environments than we currently provide. Buy the same token, healing and reconnection requires identifying the deficits caused by our toxic environments, and engaging in remedial healing and reconnection work.
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